International Journal of Laser Dentistry

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2014 | August | Volume 4 | Issue 2

REVIEW ARTICLE

Vagish Kumar LS

Use of Lasers in the Management of Temporomandibular Disorders

[Year:2014] [Month:] [Volume:4] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:43 - 48]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10022-1054  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Laser therapy is commonly used in the management of musculoskeletal disorders. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been found to possess analgesic activity which promotes its use in various painful conditions. Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are treated by various modes of management. However, LLLT appears to be an attractive noninvasive mode of treatment for these group of patients. So, need was felt to review the potential uses of lasers in patients affected by TMDs. A literature review for English language articles was conducted using the PubMed and Google Search engine using the following search terms ‘laser’, ‘TMDs’, ‘dentistry’, ‘therapy’, ‘musculoskeletal’. Low-level laser therapy appears to be a promising mode of management in relieving the symptoms of these patients.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Tarun Kalra, Malvika Nagrath, Geeta Kalra

Lasers in Prosthodontics—Part I: Implantology

[Year:2014] [Month:] [Volume:4] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:49 - 53]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10022-1055  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Lasers have revolutionized the dental treatment modalities and have become an inseparable part of advanced treatment options. The parallel expansion of implant dentistry and laser dentistry is quite apparent. As the laser energy is being put to use in various ways, prognosis of implant treatments is improving. This article aims to provide a comprehensive view of the use of lasers in implant dentistry including preoperative, postoperative and intraoperative clinical procedures.

CASE REPORT

Murali Tuppili, Butchi Babu, Uday Kiran Uppada, Sushma Naagmega, Ramesh Amirisetty

Erbium,Chromium:Yttrium-Scandium-Gallium-Garnet Laser-assisted Excision of Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma

[Year:2014] [Month:] [Volume:4] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:54 - 58]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10022-1056  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG) is a benign reactive softtissue lesion of the anterior mandible. It is a common giant cell lesion of the oral cavity whose histogenesis still continues to be a topic of debate. Clinically, the lesion is soft in consistency generally not measuring more than 2 cm and rarely causes bone or root resorption unlike central giant cell granuloma (CGCG). The treatment is usually local surgical excision down to underlying bone along with removal of any existing etiological factor to minimize risk of recurrence. Existing literature is sparse on the pros and cons of the use of a surgical laser in the management of such giant cell lesions. With the advent of new technology, lasers have taken the sheen away from scalpel. We preferred the erbium,chromium:yttrium-scandium-galliumgarnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser with a wavelength of 2780 nm which is well absorbed by water, hence minimizing any thermal damage to the soft tissues. Probably, this case report might be a first of its kind highlighting the use of an Er,Cr:YSGG laser for the excision of PGCG. Hence, this article is intended to highlight the clinical presentation and differential diagnosis of PGCG with special emphasis on the beneficial aspects of managing such lesions with Er,Cr:YSGG laser.

CASE REPORT

Vidyaa Hari Iyer, Majety Sharath Chandragupta, Kalaimani Iyappan

Excision of Intraoral Fibroepithelial Polyp using 940 nm Diode Laser

[Year:2014] [Month:] [Volume:4] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:59 - 63]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10022-1057  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Fibroepithelial polyp or acrochordon is small benign tumor arising from tissue folds with some irritating factors enhancing it in size or shape. They are generally painless. Some patients due to esthetic concerns prefer to remove such lesions. This article is unique as an elderly male patient with no systemic conditions manifested with this lesion. He had no symptomatic concern until he wanted to wear a removable partial denture. This article highlights the use of lasers in excision of such intraoral pathological lesions. Advantages of lasers have made clinical dentistry both affordable and adorable to the patients.

CASE REPORT

Kamalakanth Shenoy, Vidya Bhat, Sonia Sara Jacob

Improving Denture-bearing Area using Diode Laser

[Year:2014] [Month:] [Volume:4] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:64 - 66]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10022-1058  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The ultimate goal of mouth preparation is to modify the oral environment to render it free of disease and make its form more compatible with the requirements of the complete dentures. We are reporting a case of improving the denture-bearing area for a complete denture for better retention and stability. The procedures of frenectomy and vestibuloplasty in an edentulous patient were carried out using a diode laser.

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